A Short Virtual Tour

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Modern Venosa, located on a plateau between the Reale and Ruscello valleys, is the descendant of appula Venusa, where the poet Horace was born in 65 BC. A strategic gateway for the Roman legions' repeated invasions of southern Italy, it was urbanized in the 3rd century and later became an important outpost during the Middle Ages. Attacked, besieged, razed and rebuilt over and over again, it was finally re-erected alla grande by Pirro Del Balzo in 1470. Today you can visit its gracious ancient ruins, in town and in the adjacent archeological park.

An ancient column sits atop a pedestal dated 1620. Ancient Pedestal

At some time in the last two thousand years, the clever local inhabitants started recycling the marbles from their demolished ancient monuments and using them for precious paving stones. Paving Stones

The massive 16th-century castle is a perfect square with four corner towers. Its moat marks the convergence of the Reale and Ruscello Rivers. 16th Century Castle

In front of the castle is the long water fountain, guarded by two lions taken from the Roman ruins. Accompanying them are twenty-two columns surrounding the remains of even more Roman columns. Water Fountain

The 15th-century St. Mark's Fountain is outside, just beyond the arches of this public laundry, built in the early 1900s using more salvaged ancient marbles. Public Laundry

The ancient baths include the frigidarium for cold water dips (with a beautiful mosaic floor visible in this picture), as well as the hot-water calidarium and the lukewarm tediparium. Ancient Baths

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